3 2005, 7 2006    
   4,7,8,10,12 2009
   4,7,9,12 2010
   3,9 2011
   6,8,10 2012
   6, 3, 1 2013

   
     4 .. - 65 ..

 

 

 

 

 

  

            (1787-1845)


 

 

 

 

 

 
 
            (1794-1856)

 

 

  

 

   

            
(1878-1976)

 

 

   

 
 

  ()
   
(1880-1940)

                                           

  
      
      
 

 

  
      
    (Chamfort)

          (1741-1794)   

 

 

                           

 


  ( )
     (Stendhal; Beyle)
 

 

 

 

   (1,2,3)

 

(1,2)
       (1860-1884)

    
       

 11, 7 2013.                             
 10, 5, 3, 12012.
 12, 10, 3, br> 1 2011.
 12, 10
2010.

-
,           

           3 2014
           3, 1(1,2,3) 2007
           12(1,2), 11(1,2,3), 10(1,2,3), 9(1,2),
           8(1,2,3,4,5), 7(1,2), 6(1,2,3,4),
           5(1,2),  4, 3(1,2), 2(1,2,3)2006
           11, 9, 6(1,2), 5(1,2,3,4,5), 4, 3            2(1,2,3,4) 2005     
           9(2,3), 8(1,2), 7, 6, 5(1,2),
           2(1,2,3) 2004
           12(1,2,3), 8, 7(1,2) 2003

-  

                3(1,2) 2014
                12 2013
                2 2007
                11, 1(1,2) 2006
                12(1,2,3,4) 2005
                12, 11, 10(1,2,3,4,5),
6, 3 2004

-

                12 2013

             1 (1,2,3) 2014

             7, 5, 4(1,2), 1(1,2) 2006
             11, 10(1,2,3,4), 9, 7, 6, 3, 2,
             4, 1 2005

-    

               1 2014

               2(1,2) 2007

               10, 9, 8(1,2), 6, 2(1,2,3) 2006
               10, 8(1,2,3), 6 2005
               11, 7, 5(1,2,3) 2004
               (1,2,3,4,5,6),
10 2003
               6, 5 2002  

9, 6 2005
10, 7, 5, 2 2004

  -  10, 7 2005    

  -

                   11, 5(1,2,3), 2(1,2) 2006
 
                  11, 5, 4, 3 2005

  -   8 2013
                                 4 2012
                                 8 2010
                                 12(1,2,3,4,5,6,7) 2009
                                 9(1,2,3.4), 2
                                 12(1,2,3,4),
                                 10(1,2,3,4,5,6), 6
                                 3(1,2,3,4)
2008
                                 6, 4(1,2) 2007
                                 8, 5(1,2,3) 2006
                                
4(1,2) 2004

                                 .

. .

                                 2(1,2) 2010, 3 2005

             4(1,2) 2005
                         7, 9, 12 2005                       

    6(1,2,3), 3 2005

      12 2005

                              

 

 

   2 2008
   7 2007
   12 2006(1,2,3)
   2 2005

 

   

 7, 6, 2 2010
 10(1,2), 9, 6, 4(1,2) 2009
 6, 1 2008
 1, 3 2006
 3, 9 2005
 9(1,2),
8(1,2), 3(1,2)       2,  1(1,2) 2004
 6, 4, 2 2003

3, 2, 1 2014
12, 11, 9, 8,
6 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 2013
12, 11, 9, 8
7, 6, 5,
4, 3, 1 2012
12
, 11, 10, 8, 6,  5, 1 2011
12, 10, 9, 8, 7       6, 4 2010 
,

         6, 2, 1 2013
                                       10,
9 2012
                                      

 

  6, 4, 3, 2, 1  2008
  12 2007 

                                 

 

 

 

   11, 6, 2 2006    
 

 
  

   

5, 3, 2 2014
12, 4 2013
12, 9, 8, 6 2012
11, 8
2011
10, 9, 8, 7, 4 2010
8, 7, 6 2009
7, 6, 2 2008
8, 7, 6, 5, 4,
  3, 2 2007
10, 8, 7, 3 2006
 
 

                                                     
 

 

 

9, 7, 5, 3, 2, 1 2013
12, 11, 10,
8, 7 2012

   

 

9, 8, 7, 6, 5(1,2),2 2014 
11, 10, 8, 6(1,2), 5 4 3(1,2), 2, 1 2013
12, 11, 10(1,2), 9,
8 7, 6, 5(1,2,3), 4, 2 1  2012
12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7

   

                               6, 5, 4, 3, 1 2011
                               12, 11, 9, 8, 7
                               6 (1,2,3), 5, 4(1,2)
                               3, 21 2010
                               12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7
                               6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 2009
                               12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7
                               6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 2008
                               12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7
                               6
, 5, 4, 3, 2, 12007 
                               12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7
                               6, 5, 4, 3, 1 2006
                               12, 11, 10, 8, 7
                               6, 5, 4, 2 2005
                               12, 11, 9, 6, 5 2004

 

  5 2009
  11, 5 2007
 

    
 

                                           

 

   9 2014, 7, 8 2013


   
 
                                  

1 2012
4, 3, 2011
12, 11, 10, 8, 6,
5 2010
9, 4, 2, 1 2009
1110, 8, 5, 4,        3, 2, 1 2008
122 2007
     1, 2, 11 2006
                                 5, 6 2005   

     9 2008, 6 2004  

                                    10 2009
                                    3(1,2) 2007
                                    12(1,2), 6 2006
                                    8 2005
                                    9 2004

     

 

  4 2010
  7, 1 2008
  2, 8 2006

 

 

   

   

 

6 2014
2 2013
11, 10, 9, 8, 7 2012
 

 

-

   

 

 

  3, 9, 12 2007
 
 

   

2 2009
3
2007
9 2005

 

 

 

 

  2, 3, 5, 6, 7 2012

 


     

10 2007
6(1,2), 11 2006
1(1,2,3,4,5), 2, 3, 4(1,2), 12(1,2,3) 2005
4(1,2), 6, 10(1,2,3,4,5), 11(1,2),  12(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11) 2004
9 2003
7 2002

2, 1(1,2) 2010
12, 11, 10 2009
11(1,2) 2007
3(1,2), 4, 5 2005
6 2004
           

 
  5   2010
  6   2006
  12 2005

 

 

    
                                11 2004

  

10(1,2), (9(1,2), 8(1,2) 2014

 

 
 

  3  2014


  

 

 

  1 2006,  11, 12 2004

 

  

  

 

 3 2014
 


 

        
        (1938-2015)               3(1,2), 2(1,2), 1 2015
                                      12, 11(1,2)
                                      10(1,2,3), 9, 8(1,2)
                                      7(1,2,3,4), 6, 5(1,2,3)
                                      4(1,2,3), 3(1,2,3)
                                      2(1,2,3,4), 1(1,2,3) 2014
                                      12, 11(1,
2,3,4,5)
                                      10(1,2)
, 9(1,2)
                                      8(1,2,3), 7(1,2,3)
                                      6, 5(1,2,3,4)
                                      4(1,2), 3(1,2,3,4)
                                      2(1,2), 1(1,2,3) 2013
                                      12(1,2,3), 11(1,2,3,4)                                       2012
                                      9(1,2,3,4,5)
                                      7(1,2), 5(1,2)
                                    
 4(1,2), 3(1,2), 2(1,2
                                      1 2012
                                    
 12, 11, 10, 9, 8
                                    
 7(1,2), 6(1,2), 5, 4
                                    
 2 2011

    3, 2(1,2),
                                       1
(1,2,3,4) 2009
                                       12, 11(1,2,3,4,5) 2008

 

                          

  5, 4 2012  

 

       

                                          

 

  8, 4, 3, 2 2011
 
11 2010

 
 

       2   2007
                                       11 2005
  
 

9, 3, 2, 1(1,2) 2005
 12, 8, 4, 3
 2(1,2), 1(1,2,3) 2004
 12 2003

(1943-2005) 

 3 2014
 10, 1 2012
 12, 9, 6, 2(1,2) 2011 
 11,
9, 6, 3, 2(1,2,3),   1 2010
 12, 9, 5 2009

 
 

             10, 8, 7, 6 2014
                                  3, 2, 1 2011

 

  8 2013
  12, 8, 4 2012
  6, 2, 1 2011
  3 2009
  11, 5 2008
  2, 3 2006
  8, 9 2005
 
 -

 

   3 2004
   1 2003
   6 2002
   4 2002

 


(-) 
                                           3 2005
                                   9, 1 2004

   10 2009
   5 2008, 4 2007
 
 12, 7, 5 2006
 
  -
   1 2006.
   ( 40)

 
  (1942-2010)       

                             
 

2 2014

 


 

 :
 5, 3 2014
 
12 (1,2), 9
(1,2,), 7, 3 2013, 8 2010
 9(1,2,3,4), 4, 3,
 1(1,2,3) 2005
 9, 8, 3, 1(1,2)
 9, 5 2003, 5 2002

         :
                                                   3 2016
                                                   3 2015

                                                   9, 8 2014
                                                   3 2014
                               
 

                                                   1 2013
   
                                                12 2012
                                                   8, 7 2005 
   
                                                9 2004
 
                                 2(1,2,3,4), 3, 6 2003
       :

                                 
 10 2009
                                  11(1,2) 2008
                                  3 2005
                                  1, 2(1,2), 3
                                  6, 8, 9 2004
      : 
               
               
                  
    
           
               
      
         
                .  
               
               
               
                (1,2)          
               

      :  1 2014, 12 2012, 11 2011
                 12 2006, 1, 11 2003, 9 2002 
      :  3(1,2), 7 2002
      : 12 2012
                           
     11, 9 2010
                                
7, 11 2009

10, 6(1,2), 5, 2(1,2), 1 2014
12(1,2), 11(1,2), 10(1,2), 9(1,2), 8(1,2), 7(1,2,3,4), 6(1,2), 5(1,2), 4(1,2), 3(1,2), 2(1,2), 1(1,2) 2013
12(1,2,3), 11(1,2,3), 10, 9(1,2), 7(1,2), 6(1,2), 5(1,2,3), 4(1,2), 3(1,2) 2,     
                               1 2012
                               12(1,2,3), 11(1,2), 10    
  (1,2,3), 9(1,2,3,4), 87,
                              
5(1,2,3), 4, 3(1,2,3,4), 2
 
                                                                          2011
                                
12, 10(1,2,3), 9(1,2,3),
 
                               8 (1,2), 7(1,2,3),
                                6, 4(1,2,3),
3(1,2),
                                2(1,2,3), 1(1,2,3) 2010
                                12 (1,2), 11(1,2), 9,                                       7(1,2), 6(1,2,3), 5(1,2),                                 4(1,2), 3(1,2), 1(1,2) 2009
                                12, 11, 7, 6, 3, 2                                                                             2008
                                12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7,                                 5, 4, 3, 2 2007
                                12, 10, 9, 8, 5, 4,                                 3, 2 2006
                                12, 11, 9, 7, 6,  5,                                 4, 2, 1 2005
                                12, 11, 8, 4 2004  
                                11 2003 

5, 3, 1(1,2,3,4,5) 2013
12, 11(1,2,3),
10(1,2,3,4,5), 9, 8(1,2,3,4,5) 7(1,2), 6(1,2,3,4)5(1,2,3,4), 4(1,2,3,4), 3(1,2)
2(1,2,3,4), 1(1,2,3) 2012
12(1,2,3), 11(1,2,3,4), 10(1,2,3,4), 9(1,2,3,4), 7(1,2,3,4), 6(1,2,3,4,5)  
        5 (1,2,3,4)
 
  
                             4(1,2,3,4), 3(1,2), 1 2011
  
                              12(1,2,3,4,5), 11(1,2,3,4),                                     10(1,2,3),
                                 9(1,2,3,4,5), 8(1,2,3,4)
                                 7(1,2,3,4,5), 6(1,2,3,4),    
 
                               5(1,2,3,4), 4(1,2,3,4,5),                                         3(1,2,3,4), 2(1,2,3,4),  
                                 1(1,2,3,4) 2010
 
                                12(1,2,3,4,5), 11(1,2,3,4),
                                 10(1,2,3,4), 9(1,2,3,4,5),                              
    8(1,2,3), 7(1,2,3,4,5),    
                                 6(1,2,3,4), 5(1,2,3),        
                                 4(1,2,3,4,5), 3(1,2,3),              
                         2(1,2,3,4), 1(1,2,3,4,5)2009
                                 12(1,2,3), 11((1,2,3,4),
                                 10(1,2,3,4), 9(1,2,3),
                                 8(1,2,3,4), 7, 6, 5, 4,                                  3, 1 2008
                                 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7,                                  6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1                                                                              2007

     

 

  
 
 

 
          

 

 

 3 2014
 10(1,2)  9(1,2,3,4,5,6,7)  8(1,2,3,4,5)
, 7(1,2,3)
 
6, 5, 4(1,2),
 2(1,2) 2013

 

 

 

  2 2009
  2
, 4,
5 2006
  6
,
7 2005

 

 
            

 

 

 
  5
, 4 2008

 

 


  3
2014  

  2, 9 2011 


 
 

3 2014
11(1,2), 10, 8, 7(1,2,3,4), 6(1,2), 5, 3, 2, 1 2013
12, 11, 10(1,2,3,4), 8(1,2,3), 7, 6, 4(1,2), 3 2(1,2), 1 2012
12(1,2), 11, 10(1,2), 8

                              (1,2,3), 7(1,2), 6(1,2)
                              5, 4(1,2), 2(1,2)
                              1(1,2,3)2011
                              11(1,2,3), 10(1,2,3), 6
                              4(1,2), 3 2010
                           
 
 
11, 8, 7, 5, 3,2
2009

          

      9, 8, 3 2008
      11, 7, 5, 3, 1 2007
      12
, 8, 1(1,2) 2006
      9 2005
      1 2004                                     12, 11 2003


 

6, 3(1,2)  2 2017
12, 10, 7(1,2) 2016
11, 10(1,2), 9(1,2,3), 8,
7(1,2), 5, 4(1,2,3), 3, 2, 1 2015
9(1,2,3,4), 8(1,2), 4, 3(1,2,3), 2(1,2), 1 2014
12(1,2), 11(1,2,3),
 
   
  10(1,2,3), 9(1,2,3), 8(1,2),  
      (1966-2017)        7, 6(1,2,3), 5(1,2,3),
                          
  
4(1,2), 3(1,2,3), 2, 1
                                                                  
2013
     
                    
 
  12(1,2,3,4), 11, 10(1,2),
      
 
                   
  9(1,2,3), 8,
  
                           7, 6, 5(1,2,3), 2 2012
                              12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7                               6, 5, 4, 3, 2(1,2), 1 
                                                                   2011 
  
                           10, 9(1,2), 8, 6(1,2)       
                              43(1,2), 1 2010     
                              12, 9, 8, 4, 1 2009
  
                           
8, 7, 4(1,2), 2 2007

 

 

 

10(1,2,3,4,5)
9(1,2,3,4,5,6), 8(1,2,3,4), 7(1,2), 6(1,2,3), 5 2014 

 
  
                          
 
 
7, 5, 2,
1 2014
  7,
5, 4 2013 
  10
2008
  8
, 7 2006
 
8(1,2), 7, 4, 1 2005
  8
, 6, 3 2004

  


       

 

  12(1,2), 4 2008
 
9(1,2), 1 2005
  4
, 2 2004

 


 

 

 

  8 2004


3 2014

                                                
 

 

 

  4 2014
 
8, 7, 5 2013                            


 

 

 

 7 2005
 7
, 6, 5, 2 2004
 10
, 9 2003


                                                

   

 7 2008
 
7, 2 2007
 
11
, 6, 2 2006
 
11
, 7 2005


                        
2(1,2),  1 2009
12, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2 2008
12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1
2007
12
, 11, 10, 9,
8
, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2,
     1 2006
    
(1930-2009)       12, 11, 10, 8, 7, 6                                5, 4, 3, 1 2005
                            11, 10, 9, 7, 6, 5                             4, 3 2004

   3 2014

 

 6(1,2,3,4), 5(1,2,3), 4(1,2,3,4,5) 2008
 3(1,2,3,4), 2(1,2),
 1
(1,2,3) 2008
 
12(1,2,3,4), 11(1,2,3,4),  10 (1,2,3,4), 9(1,2) 2007

                     

 

    

   9, 2 2007
   6
2006

  ()

 

11 2014
6(1,2), 4, 3 2010
12(1,2), 11, 10, 6(1,2,3) 2 2009

 

 

-
 7, 2 2011
 7, 4, 3, 2,
 1 2010
 12, 3 2009
 9 2008
 10, 9, 6, 1 2007
 12, 10, 97, 4, 3 
 2006
 12, 10, 8, 4, 3, 1   
                                                                       2005
                                             

  8, 9 2005

" " ?
 7, 8(1,2,3) 2005


9(1,2,3) 2004

usa_fl_md_blk.gifiraq_fl_md_blk.gif

?     2, 3 2003

-: :           
8 2002, 1,2 2003

"  "
9, 8 2014
1 2013
7, 10 2012
7, 12 2011
10, 12 2010
10(1,2) 2009
5 2008
4 2007
5(1,2), 7, 12 2006
9 2005
1, 2 2004